Puerto Varas is a city and commune located in the southern Chilean province of Llanquihue, in the Los Lagos Region. The city is well known for its German traditions, its food, its fish and seafood, the natural environment, its casino and 5 star hotels. Only 20 kilometres (12 mi) from Puerto Montt, located on the shore of the Llanquihue Lake, one of the largest natural lakes in South America. The perfect cone of Osorno Volcano and the snowcapped peaks of Mt. Calbuco and Mt. Tronador are clearly visible from the lakefront. On the western shore of Llanquihue Lake are the tourist localities of Puerto Octay, Frutillar and Llanquihue.
Region: Los Lagos
Founded as: Puerto Varas
Area: 4,064.9 km2
Area code: +56
Puerto Varas is a Chilean commune located in the Province of Llanquihue in the X Region of Los Lagos, on the shores of Lake Llanquihue. Integrate with the communities of Puyehue, Black River, Purranque, freesia, Frutillar, Llanquihue, and Los Muermos Precinct No. 56 and belongs to the 17 Th Senatorial District (South Lakes).
It has about 32,000 inhabitants and is situated 70 meters above sea level, on the shores of Lake Llanquihue. It was formed from the German Colonization immigrants who settled here around 1852 and 1853. The city has always been renowned for its relation to tourism, offering beautiful natural landscapes, good food, beaches and parks.
The founding date of Puerto Varas is not clear, but its history goes back to 1853, when a series of government actions taken by the Government, sought to enter uninhabited areas of the south to the rest of the country. Being created the Territory of Colonization of Lake Llanquihue by Supreme Decree issued by the Ministry of Interior of Chile on June 27, 1853, begins with a gradual population of the area with immigrants coming mainly from Germany and Switzerland. So later that year came the first German colonists who settled on the shores of Lake Llanquihue, who arrived in the area of the factory, where he ended the way from Melipulli (now Puerto Montt).
The Commune itself was created on December 30, 1925 by DS No. 8583 of the Ministry of Interior of Chile.
It has a rainy temperate climate. Rainfalls occur throughout the year, and are more intense in winter. It is precisely this climate that produces the extraordinary nature "of the evergreen forest lakes." While in winter there are more rainy days, you are less intense and accompanied by high winds north and northwest. In spring produce the most intense and violent rains of the year, however these are of shorter duration than the winter. Winter precipitation are generally liquid or semi-liquid (slush), resulting in mild snowfall a few years, although no record of heaviest snowfall in the past, these are less common in the city itself, this also is due to the current exchange climate.
While the summer is cool with highs normally not exceed 25 ° C, sometimes can produce temperatures near 30 ° C. In winter turn, the maximum range usually below 9 ° C during June and July, sometimes producing maximum close to 0 ° C, 5 ° C and 2 ° C. The minimum varies seasonally in the summer may be near or even exceed 10C at times. In turn, the minimum winter temperatures normally range between 4 and -6 ° C, resulting in minimum periods of several years close to -8 or -9 ° C. The average annual temperature is below 10 ° C, January being 14 ° C in July and in winter around 5 ° C. The wind is a very important factor in defining the climate of the city, as the winter chill can easily reach -2 or-3 ° C.
Must See in Puerto Varas
Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus
It was declared a National Monument, built in oak in 1915 by Edmund Niklitschek.
Puerto Varas casino
Is in a two-story building recently built, located on the waterfront at Del Salvador street to 50 mts. Main square of the city. Has 300 slot machines, roulette, blackjack, baccarat, craps, 21 real, bingo, among others. It has a VIP lounge, two bars and a restaurant.
Antonio Felmer museum
The origin of the museum is from 1975, when Antonio Felmer Niklischek decides to organize an exhibition of objects related to colonization.
Antonio historical material collected from house to house, collecting from farm machinery to photographs that reflect the time of the second half of the nineteenth century in southern Chile. The museum is staffed by trilingual (English, Spanish and German) that, using traditional clothing, guide each group or delegation.
Petrohué River gives rise to these unique jumps. The river runs between hard masses of lava, formed by smaller stones together by a glassy material protruding eyes. They were formed by lava is shattered crystallized during cooling and then was resolder a new layer of lava. These areas where the falls is part of the National Park Vicente Perez Rosales.
There is very frequent minibus service from Puerto Montt, as well as regular bus service from other cities. Tur-bus offers overnight service from Santiago for a very reasonable price. Semi-cama seats lean back halfway, cama even more. Snack and breakfast included for a small fee. The nearest airport is El Tepual in Puerto Montt, about 30 km. from Puerto Varas, which has regular flights to Santiago, Punta Arenas, Balmaceda and other airports sereved by LAN Airlines, Sky Airline and Aerolíneas del Sur. There is also a railroad station in Puerto Varas with daily trains running north to Victoria and 13 other cities in between, as well as Puerto Montt to the south. There is also an additional daily train between Osorno and Puerto Montt. You can also take the Lake Crossing from Bariloche, Argentina.